Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Battery Energy Storage System for Grid Connected Power System

M. Ramasubramanian, M. Thirumarimurugan



The electrical energy generated through renewable energy sources is stored and dispatched to the grid using the Battery Energy Storage System (BESS). This study presents a Battery Energy Storage System (BESS) with special design and power conversion system. The power conversion system is provided with an automatic power converter and controller enhanced by a faster response. This study also deals with power quality, grid frequency regulation, energy dispatching, renewable energy smoothing and leveling, reliability improvement and arbitrage. The simulation shows the best performance of the BESS for various step changes in the plant set point. This is a grid level BESS project simulated using MATLAB/SIMULINK model.


Keywords: Power quality, smoothing, leveling, SIMULINK, MATLAB


Full Text:



M. A. Hernández, F. Lozada, J. L. Azcue, J.A. Torrico and A. J. Sguarezi “Battery Energy Storage System Applied to Wind Power System Based on Z-Source Inverter Connected to Grid” IEEE LATIN AMERICA TRANSACTIONS, VOL. 14, NO. 9, SEPTEMBER 2016. pp. 4035 – 4042.

Linquan Bai, Fangxing Li, Qinran Hu, Hantao Cui and Xin Fang, “ Application of Battery-Supercapacitor Energy Storage System for Smoothing Wind Power Output: An Optimal Coordinated Control Strategy” 2016 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting (PESGM), 17-21 July 2016

T. Masuta, J. Gari da Silva, Fonseca, Ootake and A. Murata, (2016). Application of battery energy storage system to power system operation for reduction in pv curtailment based on few- hours-ahead PV forecast. 2016 IEEE International Conference on Power System Technology (POWERCON).

Pouyan Pourbeik, Anders Boström, Sanchez-Gasca, Yuriy Kazachkov, Janet Kowalski, Armando Salazar, Andrew Meyer, Ronnie Lau, Donald Davies, and Eric Allen, “Generic Model Structures for Simulating Static Var Systems in Power System Studies—A WECC Task Force Effort” IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 27, NO. 3, AUGUST 2012. pp. 1618 – 1627.

Xiaolei Wang, Lei Sun, Fushuan Wen, M.A. Salam, S.P. Ang, “Control Strategies of Battery Energy Storage Systems for Smoothing Wind Power Fluctuations” 10th International Conference on Advances in Power System Control, Operation & Management (APSCOM 2015), 8-12 Nov. 2015.

Xiaokang Xu, Martin Bishop, Ernst Camm and Michael J.S. Edmonds, “Transmission Voltage Support Using Distributed Static Compensation” 2014 IEEE PES General Meeting | Conference & Exposition, 27-31 July 2014

Xiaokang Xu , Martin Bishop, Donna G. Oikarinen and Owen Lock, “Validation of a static VAr system model for a renewable project for grid code compliance” 2015 IEEE PES Asia-Pacific Power and Energy Engineering Conference (APPEEC), pp. 15- 18 Nov. 2015

Xiaokang Xu, Martin Bishop, Michael J.S. Edmonds and Donna

G. Oikarinen, “A New Control Strategy for Distributed Static Compensators Considering Transmission Reactive Flow Constraints” IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery ( Volume: 30 , Issue: 4 , Aug. 2015 ), pp. 1991 – 1998.

Mohammad Taghi Zareifard, Andrey and V.Savkin,” Model Predictive Control for Output Smoothing and Maximizing the Income of a Wind Power Plant Integrated with a Battery Energy Storage System” Proceedings of the 35th Chinese Control Conference, July 27-29, 2016.

Yongxi Zhan, Zhao Yang Dong, Fengji Luo , Yu Zheng, Ke Meng and Kit Po Wong, “Optimal allocation of battery energy storage systems in distribution networks with high wind power penetration”, IET Renewable Power Generation, 13th March 2016, pp. 1-9.

M. C. Such and C. Hill, “Battery energy storage and wind energy integrated into the smart grid,” 2012 IEEE PES Innov. Smart Grid Technol. ISGT 2012, pp. 1–4, 2012.

R. S. S. Singh, M. Abbod, and W. Balachandran, “A design scheme of control/optimization system for hybrid solar - Wind and battery energy storages system,” Proc. - 2016 51st Int. Univ. Power Eng. Conf. UPEC 2016, vol. 2017-January, no. Dc, pp. 1–6, 2016.

S. M. Schoenung and C. Burns, “Utility energy storage applications studies,” IEEE Trans. Energy Convers., vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 658–664, 1996.

H. Qian, J. Zhang, and J. S. Lai, “A grid-tie battery energy storage system,” 2010 IEEE 12th Work. Control Model. Power Electron. COMPEL 2010, no. 3, 2010.

S. Lin, C. Yang, W. Song, and Z. Feng, “Analysis of capacity and control strategy for distributed energy system with hybrid energy storage system,” 2018 Int. Conf. Smart Grid Clean Energy Technol. ICSGCE 2018, pp. 84–88, 2018.

P. Li, Y. Huang, W. Qi, and J. Gan, “Capacity Co-Optimization of Thermal and Battery Energy Storage System in Multi-energy Complementary System,” 2019 IEEE Innov. Smart Grid Technol. - Asia (ISGT Asia), pp. 3815–3819, 2019.

X. Li and D. Zhang, “Coordinated control and energy management strategies for hundred megawatt-level battery energy storage stations based on multi-agent theory,” Int. Conf. Adv. Mechatron. Syst. ICAMechS, vol. 2018-August, pp. 152–156, 2018.

M. T. Lawder et al., “Battery energy storage system (BESS) and battery management system (BMS) for grid-scale applications,” Proc. IEEE, vol. 102, no. 6, pp. 1014–1030, 2014.

A. Khiareddine, C. Ben Salah, and M. F. Mimouni, “Strategy of energy control in PVP/battery water pumping system,” 2014 1st Int. Conf. Green Energy, ICGE 2014, pp. 49–54, 2014.

N. Kawakami and Y. Iijima, “Overview of battery energy storage systems for stabilization of renewable energy in Japan,” 2012 Int. Conf. Renew. Energy Res. Appl. ICRERA 2012, 2012.

C. J. Joubert, N. Chokani, and R. S. Abhari, “Impact of large scale battery energy storage on the 2030 central european transmission grid,” Int. Conf. Eur. Energy Mark. EEM, vol. 2018-June, pp. 1–5, 2018.

H. F. Jamahori and H. A. Rahman, “Hybrid energy storage system for life cycle improvement,” 2017 IEEE Conf. Energy Conversion, CENCON 2017, vol. 2018-January, pp. 196–200, 2017.

A. S. Gadalla, X. Yan, and H. Hasabelrasul, “Active power analysis for the battery energy storage systems based on a modern cascaded multilevel converter,” Proc. - 2nd IEEE Int. Conf. Energy Internet, ICEI 2018, pp. 111–116, 2018.

G. Barchi, G. Miori, D. Moser, and S. Papantoniou, “A Small-Scale Prototype for the Optimization of PV Generation and Battery Storage through the Use of a Building Energy Management System,” Proc. - 2018 IEEE Int. Conf. Environ. Electr. Eng. 2018 IEEE Ind. Commer. Power Syst. Eur. EEEIC/I CPS Eur. 2018, pp. 1–5, 2018.

P. A. Bachurin et al., “Mathematical Model of the Energy Storage System in the Power System,” 2018 14th Int. Sci. Conf. Actual Probl. Electron. Instrum. Eng. APEIE 2018 - Proc., pp. 41–47, 2018.



  • There are currently no refbacks.