Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Analysis of Invisible Image Watermarking Based on Spatial and Frequency Domain Techniques (LSB, Patchwork, DCT, DWT, DFT)

Ninny Mittal, Anand Singh Bisen, Rohit Gupta

Abstract


Abstract

With rapid development, seed technology, secure transmission of information is very intricate. For harmless and protected transmission of information, digital watermarking can be utilized. Watermarking of advanced images is a system of concealing information; likewise, it gives security of information or distinguishing data in the computerized information. The computerized watermarking process implants a sign into the media without altogether debasing its visual quality. We additionally talk about a portion of the watermarking systems for advanced images inside spatial domain, for example, LSB, patchwork and inside frequency domain DCT, DWT and DFT alongside their examination, favorable circumstances and inconveniences.

Keywords: Digital watermarking, spatial domain, least significant bit (LSB), frequency domain, discrete cosine transform (DCT), discrete wavelet transform (DWT), discrete Fourier transform (DFT)

Cite this Article

Ninny Mittal, Anand Singh Bisen, Rohit Gupta. Analysis of Invisible Image Watermarking Based on Spatial and Frequency Domain Techniques (LSB, Patchwork, DCT, DWT, DFT). Journal of Image Processing & Pattern Recognition Progress. 2017; 4(1):     21–27p.


Keywords


Digital watermarking;Spatial domain;Least Significant Bit (LSB);Frequency domain;Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT);Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT);Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT)

Full Text:

PDF

References


Radhika v. Totla, K.S.Bapat, "Comparative analysis of watermarking in digital images using DCT &DWT Vol. 3,Issue 2,February 2013

Gurpreet Kaur, Kamaljeet Kaur," Image Watermarking Using LSB (Least Significant Bit) Vol 3,Issue 4,April 2013.

B Surekha, Dr GN Swamy, “A Spatial Domain Public Image Watermarking”, International Journal of Security and Its Applications Vol. 5 No. 1, January, 2011.

Cox, Miller and Bloom, “Digital watermarking”, San Fransisco: Morgan Kaufmann Publisher 1st edition 2001.

H.Arafat Ali, “Qualitative Spatial Image Data Hiding for Secure Data Transmission”, GVIP Journal,Volume 7,Issue 2 , pages 35- 37, 2, August 2007.

Preeti Gupta, “Cryptography based digital image watermarking algorithm to increase security of watermark data”, International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, Volume 3,ISSN 2229-5518 Issue 9 (September 2012).

R.aarti, Jaganya, & S.poonkuntran “Modified Lsb Watermarking For Image Authentication” International Journal of Computer & Communication Technology (IJCCT) ISSN: 2231 - 0371 ISSN 0975 –7449 Vol-3, Iss-3, 2012 .

Robert, L., and T. Shanmugapriya, “A Study on Digital Watermarking Techniques ”, International Journal of Recent Trends in Engineering, vol. 1, no.2, pp. 223-225, 2009.

S. Tripathi, N. Ramesh and A. Bernito, “A DWT Based Dual Image Watermarking Techniques for Authenticity and Watermark.

Protection”,Signal and Image Processing : an International Journal (SIPIJ), Vol.1, No. 2, Dec 2010.

S.R. Sheriff, “Digital Image Watermarking using Singular Value Decomposition”, Raf. J. of Comp. & Math’s, Vol.7, No.3, 2010.

J. Kaur, R. Khanna and D. Sandhu, “New Watermarking Scheme for Gray Image based on DWT and SVD- DCT ”,ISSN:0974-2166, Vol.5, No.4, pp. 389-397, 2012.

B. Ram, “Digital Image Watermarking technique using Discrete Wavelet Transform and Discrete Cosine Transform”, International. Journalof Advancements in Research & Technology (IJART), ISSN:2278-7763, Vol. 2, issue 4, April 2013.

Harish N.J ,B.B.S. Kumar and A. Kusagur, “Hybrid Robust Watermarking technique based on DWT, DCT and SVD”, International Journal of Advanced Electrical and Electronics Engineering (IJAEEE), ISSN: 2278-8948, Vol. 2, Issue 5, 2013.

P. Patil and D.S. Bormane, “DWT based Invisible Watermarking technique for Digital Images”, International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology (IJEAT), ISSN: 2249-8958, Vol. 2, Issue 4, April 2013.

N. Chaturvedi and Dr. S.J. Basha, “DWT-SVD based Image Watermarking method using Arnold Key”, International Journal of Scientific Research, ISSN: 2277-, May 2013.

N. Chandrakar and J. Baggaa,”Performance Comparison of Digital Image Watermarking Techniques: A Survey”, International Journal of computer Application Technology and Research, vol. 2, no. 2, 2013,.

D. Mistry,” Comparison of Digital Watermarking Methods” (IJCSE) International Journal on Computer Science and Engineering, vol. 02, no. 09, 2010

Manpreet kaur, Sonia Jindal, Sunny behal, “A Study of Digital image

watermarking”, Volume2, Issue 2, Feb 2012.

Vidyasagar M. Potdar, Song Han, Elizabeth Chang, ―A Survey of Digital Image Watermarking Techniques, IEEE.

International conference on Industrial Informatics2005.

Monika Patel ,Priti Srinivas Sajja, Ravi K. Sheth- Analysis and Survey of Digital

Watermarking Technique, International Journal,Volume 3, Issue 10, October 2013.

Preeti Parashar and Rajeev Kumar Singh- A Survey: Digital Image Watermarking Techniques,International Journal of Signal Processing, Image Processing and Pattern Recognition Vol. 7, No. 6 (2014).

“Watermarking Techniques Spatial Domain Digital Rights Seminar @”, Mahmoud El-Gayyar, Media Informatics University of Bonn Germany.

Prabhishek Singh, R S Chadha, “A Survey of Digital Watermarking Techniques, Applications and Attacks”, International Journal of Engineering and Innovative Technology (IJEIT),Volume 2, Issue 9, March 2013.

Jiang Xuehua, Digital Watermarking and Its Application in Image Copyright Protection, International Conference on Intelligent Computation Technology and Automation 2010.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.