Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

A Review on Audio Watermarking Techniques

Mrunali J. Patel, Komal R. Borisagar


The quick development of web and applications utilizing advanced interactive media innovations has put stress on the need to give copyright security to sight and sound data. A computerized watermark can be depicted as an obvious or ideally imperceptible recognizable proof code that is forever installed in the information. So it can stay displayed inside the spread media after any unravelling methodology. The conceivable arrangement of above issue is distinctive Audio Watermarking Techniques, in the same way as Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) system, Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) strategy, Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT) method.


audio watermarking, DFT, DWT, DCT, LSB, SSA

Full Text:



Kaur M, Jindal S, Behal S. A Study of Digital image watermarking. IJREAS. 2012; 2 (2): 126–36p.

Babu MVSS. A Robust Watermarking Algorithm for Image Authentication. Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference of Information and Network Technology; 2012 Apr 28–29; Chennai, India. 200–7p.

Gilani SAM, Skodras AN. Watermarking by multiresolution Hadamard transform. Proceedings of the European Conference on Electronic Imaging and Visual Arts (EVA 2001); 2001 Jul 27; Scotland, Glasgow.

Murty SP, Kumar PR. A Robust Digital Image Watermarking Scheme Using Hybrid DWT-DCT-SVD Technique. IJCSNS. 2010; 10 (10): 185–92p.

Patel M, Sajja PS, Sheth R. Analysis and Survey of Digital Watermarking Techniques. IJARCSSE. 2013; 3 (10): 203–10p.

Singh P, Chadha RS. A Survey of Digital Watermarking Techniques, Applications and Attacks. IJEIT. 2013; 2 (9): 165–75p.

Song C, Sudirman S, Merabti M. Recent Advances and Classification of Watermarking Techniques in Digital Images. Proceedings of the 10th Annual Conference on the Convergence of Telecommunications, Networking & Broadcasting; 2009 Jun 22–23; Liverpool John Moores University, UK.

Nikmehr H, Hashemy ST. A new approach to audio watermarking using discrete wavelet and cosine transforms. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Communications Engineering; 2010 Dec 22–24; University of Sistan & Baluchestan. 1–10p.

Chawla G, Saini R, Yadav R, et al. Classification of Watermarking Based upon Various Parameters. IJCAIT. 2012; 1 (2): 16–19p.

Brickman A. Literature Survey on Audio Watermarking. EE381K–Multidimensional Signal Processing; 2003 Mar 24.


  • There are currently no refbacks.