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Characterizing the Existence of P4

Pinaki Mitra

Abstract


In a graph G = (V, E) P4 denotes a path of length 4 vertices <v1, v2, v3, v4> such that there is no edge between either <v1, v3> or <v2, v4>. This exists either in graph G = (V, E) or its complement or both for which both G and the complement Gc are connected. In this article we give a proof for this property.

Keywords


P4, Complement graph, star Sub-graph, induction

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