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Analysis of Different Routing Protocols in Vehicular Ad Hoc Network

Sandeep Arora, Shivam Mishra, Aakash Shukla, Himanshu Kathuria, Ankit Kumar


Due to recent advances in inter-vehicular communications and decreasing cost of related equipment, VANETs have received much attention. It has been proven to be useful in road safety, pedestrian safety and many other commercial applications. For instance, VANET can be used to make drivers aware of the forthcoming traffic jam. It can also be used to avoid accidents by alerting the driver about the speed and location of nearby vehicles. Vehicular ad-hoc networks (VANETs) are created by applying principles of mobile adhoc networks (MANETs) – the spontaneous creation of a wireless network of mobile devices- to the domain of vehicles. In this project we will generate traffic using SUMO ( and create a scenario by selecting a location for traffic and adding number of cars, trucks, pedestrians, traffics side (left or right) and other road things and then start the simulation of traffic which will generate the data in form of xml file in which all the information and data about the traffic (time, location etc.) are present. After data generation, using this xml file, a tcl file will be generated using ns3 in which the nodes (cars, trucks etc) and data of mobility (location, from and to, etc.) are present. After that, we load the information from tcl file and simulate different routing protocols in VANET and analyze various metrics like goodput, receive rate, packets receive, overload in each protocol and then compare them. The entire goal of this project is to analyze and compare the performance of different routing protocols in VANET.

Keywords: routing protocols, ad-hoc network, VANET, inter-vehicular communication, traffic

Cite this Article: Sandeep Arora, Shivam Mishra, Aakash Shukla, Himanshu Kathuria, Ankit Kumar. Analysis of Different Routing Protocols in Vehicular Ad-hoc Network. Recent Trends in Programming Languages. 2020; 7(1): 20–26p.

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